Harvesting wheat in the new lands
1950

​This painting is the artist' s version of part of her larger work Bread and was pr oduced over a period of 30 years fr om the 1950s to the 1980s. Yablonskaya is an award-winning Russian painter and Bread, her most famous work, won the Stalin Prize and is owned by the Tretyakov State Gallery. The work depicts a scene of young women at a collective farm during harvesting season. Natalia Alexandrova, head of the T retyakov Gallery's department for paintings from the second half of the 20th century, has confirmed that this a genuine work by Yablonskaya, noting that the artist has continued to work on the painting in later years as there are visible drawings throughout the canvas as well as changes in the colour details of the composition. 

The idealised image shows a group of young women standing in the golden sea of harvested grain. The smiling woman in the centre is confidently rolling up her sleeves to put the harvest in bags while the men in the background load endless bags of wheat onto the trucks. There is a sense of abundance and the wheat glows with vibrant light that reflects on workers skirts, shirts and faces. The use of bright red – on a shirt, beads, and in fabric – lightens the ochre of wheat and energises the canvas. The combination of the radiant sea of grains and workers glowing with enthusiasm creates powerful imagery of the joys and rewards of collective work. 

Yablonskaya swiftly rose to fame after winning the Stalin Prize and while the rich harvest portrayed in the painting was probably not a true representation of the austere life in the post-war USSR, the strength of her artistic vision was instantly recognised by fellow artists and common people alike. The image was reprinted countless times and in 1967 it was used on a Russian stamp.

TECHNIQUE

Oil on canvas

MEASUREMENTS

130 × 130 cm; 51¼ × 51¼ in.

Tatiana Yablonskaya
1917 - 2005

Татьяна Ниловна Яблонская – выдающаяся русско-украинская художница. Родилась в Смоленске, рисованию училась с раннего детства под руководством отца - художника и преподавателя. Продолжила обучение в Киевском художественном техникуме и в Киевском государственном художественном институте (1935-1941 гг.). Занималась у Федора Крышевского - видного мастера живописи, обучившего целое поколение украинских художников. На протяжении всей творческой карьеры Яблонской ее работы постоянно выставлялись как в СССР, так и за рубежом, в том числе на XXVII Венецианском биеннале в 1956 г. и на Всемирной выставке в Брюсселе в 1958 г. Лауреат двух Сталинских премий (1949 г., 1951 г.) и Государственной премии СССР (1979 г.). На протяжении творческой карьеры художницы ее стиль претерпел существенные изменения, пройдя эволюцию от социалистического реализма до этнографического примитивизма и экспрессионизма и вновь вернувшись к реалистическим истокам. Работы Яблонской имеются в коллекции Государственной Третьяковской галереи и других российских и украинских музеев.

OTHER WORK BY ARTIST

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